The shadow gives the moon a red or orange appearance. What makes this event special is all three happening at the same time.
The super blue moon will feature a full lunar eclipse on January 31.
The supermoon competes with seasonal lights in Wells, England, on January 1. The orbit of the moon around the earth is slightly tilted vis-a-vis earth-sun orbit, hence this phenomenon is rare. To top things off, the blue moon will also technically be a supermoon because it'll orbit closer to Earth than usual, causing it to shine about 14 percent brighter than usual, according to Space.com. January's first full moon rose the first night of the month, and was also a big, bright supermoon. We typically get about 4-6 supermoons per year, though last year we only had one.
The moon's orbit is tilted by about 5 degrees relative to the earth's orbit.
The moon will be visible in large parts of United States, northeastern Europe, Russia, Asia, the Indian Ocean, the Pacific and Australia.
The best time to look out for a supermoon is shortly after sunset, when the moon is low on the horizon. If there is a second moon in the same month it is called "Blue Moon" (not blue in colour).
The term "blue moon" is also far from scientific and has had suffered some quarrels over its definition.
The term "blue moon" has nothing to do with color.
A blue moon is the second full moon in a calendar month. Generally, however, people only call it a supermoon if the moon is full. On an average, Blue Moons occur around only once every two and a half years. This year, however, we'll be spoiled.
The special pre-dawn full moon will rise on January 31.
The "super blue blood moon" will be most visible to people on western part of North America, Alaska, and the Hawaiian islands, according to Gordon Johnston, program executive and lunar blogger at NASA.
Johnston said the best opportunity for viewers on the East Coast to see the super blue blood moon will be around 6:45 a.m. ET. Because the moon's orbit is inclined to Earth's orbit and Earth's shadow at the moon's distance only covers a little bit of sky (just 2.5 degrees), the full moon nearly always misses the target, sliding either above it or below it.
"You're basically seeing all the world's sunrises and sunsets at that moment reflected off the surface of the Moon, so it should be quite spectacular".
Once in a blue moon is only once every few years, but once in a super, blue, blood moon is just once every few decades. And unlike a solar eclipse, a lunar eclipse is perfectly safe to watch in the night with the naked eye. "For this eclipse, much of the US will be racing against sunrise".
Unfortunately there won't be viewing opportunities in the United Kingdom as the eclipse - taking place at about 1pm GMT will only be visible before sunrise or after sunset.