In the United States, there was a increase of 200,000 jobs in January and the unemployment rates was unchanged at 4.1 per cent.
Quebec's economy lost 17,300 jobs and the unemployment rate reversed the prior month's decline, moving back up to 5.4 per cent from a record-low of 5.0 per cent in December.
Don't blame the minimum-wage hike just yet.
To partially offset the declines, Statistics Canada said the economy added 49,000 full-time positions last month.
Yet, in most cases, the data suggest the greater proportion of employees with hourly wages at or below C$14 in December, the greater the declines in January.
It was the largest monthly drop for the province since 2009.
Canada racked up strong employment gains a year ago, creating more than 400,000 jobs and setting the fastest pace of growth since 2002.
The 59,000 figure is a "whopping" one, said Matthieu Arseneau, senior economist at National Bank Financial Markets, in a note.
Statistics Canada released its job numbers for January on Friday morning and Saskatchewan came out near the top.
"I don't think that the January number is the start of a whole series of declines - I think it's more of a reflection of the fact that we were tracking abnormally strong numbers behind us", Alexander said. Poloz has repeatedly said future rate decisions will be highly data dependent.
"It doesn't change the broader narrative around the Bank of Canada".
As well there were 6200 full-time jobs created month-over-month.
Over that same period, the number of part-time positions fell by 125,400 for a contraction of 3.5 per cent. "But the details also looking wonky, with all of the job losses in part-time work".
Victoria saw an unemployment increase for the second consecutive month at 3.9 per cent from 3.5.
"We will want to see a few more months of data to judge whether there has been an impact from the minimum-wage hike", said Josh Nye, economist with RBC.
There were also decreases in New Brunswick and Manitoba, the agency said.
Most analysts cautiously highlighted the potential connection.
Economists look at the number of jobs in a community rather than the unemployment in determining an area's economic health.
Despite the drop, Ontario's unemployment edged down ever so slightly (to 5.5 per cent) as 54,800 people left the labour force.