"The state opposes the applying of human rights law during an armed conflict", the reply stated, pointing out that the Red Cross had stated that human rights law did not necessarily apply during periods of war.
In response to a petition filed by human rights organizations against Israeli occupation forces' orders to fire on peaceful demonstrators, the occupation claimed that the orders were consistent with Israeli law and worldwide law.
The Israeli army's use of live fire during the protests has drawn worldwide criticism and calls for an independent probe - which Israel has rejected.
They said human rights laws are not applicable to the ongoing protests, which they argued can not be considered civilian events. Nevertheless, the Israeli State Prosecutor's Office claims that they distinguish between non-violent protesters demonstrating and protesters who are trying to break into Israel in order to attack soldiers and civilians.
Anas Abu Asser, 19, who was shot during last Friday's "Great March of Return" in Gaza city, had been "seriously injured", Efe news reported citing the Ministry's spokesman.
Since the peaceful border rallies began on March 30, at least 47 Palestinians demonstrators - including five children - have been martyred by cross-border Israeli gunfire, according to Palestinian Health Ministry figures.
The rallies are part of a six-week protest that will culminate on May 15.
Demonstrators have been gathering every day several hundred metres from the fence separating Israel from Gaza, where nearly 1.3 million of the small territory's two million inhabitants are refugees, to demand the right to return to their pre-1948 homes.