The tariffs also don't bode well for ongoing North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) negotiations.
The EU and Canada on June 1 lodged complaints against Trump's tariffs with the World Trade Organization (WTO), the first step in the trade dispute process through the Geneva-based arbitrator.
Trump met Wednesday with Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross and instructed him to consider an investigation into possible tariffs on imported vehicles and auto parts.
Retaliatory measures are now planned - and Europe will take Washington to the World Trade Organisation to challenge the legality of its move.
One source close to the NAFTA negotiations said Ms. Freeland informed Mr. Lighthizer that ending Canada's exemption on steel and aluminum tariffs would be a clear signal that the Americans are not that interested in reaching a NAFTA deal.
"The French, British and Germans held firm", French Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire told reporters.
European Union chief Jean-Claude Juncker said the 28-nation bloc "will announce in the next coming hours counter-balancing measures" in response to the U.S. action.
"The United States must, at long last, be treated fairly on Trade", Trump tweeted.
Tariffs on steel and aluminum imports to the USA can help local producers of the metals by making foreign products more expensive.
In a statement to The Associated Press, the company said it views the tariffs with "regret and concern".
Macron also proposed to start negotiations between the USA, the EU, China and Japan to reshape the World Trade Organization to better regulate trade.
Trudeau added that Canada would impose dollar for dollar tariffs on steel, aluminium and other products. The measures will be in place until the US government drops its tariffs, Mexico's government said.
"We will keep fighting", Turner said.
"But we see no sign of that in this action today by the United States administration", he tweeted.
"I strongly support imposing stiff penalties on countries like China, Russia, South Korea and Vietnam to prevent them from illegally dumping steel and aluminum into the USA and throughout the world".
"Everyone expressed their complete incomprehension of the American decisions and everyone said it was up to the Americans to take the next step since they were the ones who imposed the tariffs".
The European Union on Friday formally set in motion its trade retaliation against the United States tariffs, filing a request for consultations at the WTO, which oversees disputes on global trade.
"If President Trump wants to target Chinese steel dumping, he should target tariffs at China and not our friends to the north", Stefanik wrote.
According to, the current trade trend is destroying the U.S. steel and aluminum sectors. Mexico is the main buyer of aluminum and second largest buyer of steel from the USA, the country said in a tweet in Spanish.
"It is a sad day for worldwide trade", Guajardo said.