Earlier this month, the Trump administration announced it would impose 25 percent tariffs on $16 billion worth of Chinese imports beginning August 23.
China has lodged a complaint to the World Trade Organisation to help determine the legality of the USA policies, saying they not only harm China's rights but also undermine the WTO's authority, the ministry said on its website late on Tuesday.
The U.S. measures are suspected of violating WTO Agreement on Safeguards.
On this legislation, US President Donald Trump has commented that it will provide additional tools to combat predatory investment practices that threaten the US fundamental technological leadership, national security, and future economic prosperity. "I think China chose to bring it up in order to keep up the rhythm of the trade dispute", he said.
The USTR accused China of using state incentives, subsidies and tariffs to increase production and said manufacturers had evaded US tariffs by repeatedly shifting production to new countries.
On June 5, Mexico imposed taxes - with immediate effect - on USA steel and aluminum, pork belly, as well as a range of other agricultural products.
On June 21, India raised tariffs on US goods including soya oil, palm olein oil and cashew nuts.
Another round of US tariff hikes on $16 billion of Chinese goods is due to take effect August 23.
Trump responded immediately to the EU's move by threatening a 20 percent tariff on cars assembled in the European Union and sold to the United States.
The trade frictions between Beijing and Washington began on July 6 with the imposition by the United States of tariffs of 25 percent on Chinese products with a value of 34 billion dollars. Brussels said in late July that it was considering tariffs on 20 billion dollars of US goods should Trump proceed with the proposed auto duties.
China lodged its challenge at the WTO on Tuesday, the statement said.
After the application of these first taxes, China responded with a package of tariff countermeasures of equal weight to products of the North American nation.