The senior White House official wrote that numerous the administration's policies have already made America safer and more prosperous, "but these successes have come despite - not because of - the president's leadership style, which is impetuous, adversarial, petty and ineffective".
"The dilemma - which he does not fully grasp - is that numerous senior officials in his own administration are working diligently from within to frustrate parts of his agenda and his worst inclinations", the official writes.
"That is cold comfort to most Americans who count on the president as the person who will make the ultimate decision".
"We fully recognise what is happening".
It was not immediately clear what, if any, steps were being taken by the White House to attempt to unmask the writer.
Mr. Trump tweeted "Treason." as one point Wednesday night, and followed it up with several other Twitter messages, including one that called on the newspaper to out the writer.
In this case, The Times said it granted anonymity "at the request of the author" because the person's job "would be jeopardized by its disclosure".
In her own statement, White House Press Secretary Sarah Sanders also appeared to confirm that the author of the essay worked in the Trump administration. "This coward should do the right thing and resign".
On Wednesday, however, the paper published something a little bit different: An anonymous op-ed story.
The Associated Press obtained a copy of Fear-Trump in the White House on Tuesday, a week before its official release.
GREENE: NPR's Mara Liasson covers the White House, and she is on the line with us.
Almost 62 million people voted for Trump in the 2016 elections, earning him 306 electoral college votes against 232 for his opponent. It says there's a resistance inside the Trump administration to curb Trump's worst impulses. Trump, the writer argues, holds none of the ideals held dear by conservatives and the Republican Party, adding that the president's impulses tend to be anti-trade and anti-democratic. John McCain - do they suggest someone working in national security?
It has never been used to strip a president from power and it would be a complicated process. "Never put more than one page in front of him".
The op-ed detailed President Donald Trump's erratic behaviour, described the challenges faced by his staff and attempted to assure Americans that "there are adults in the room" fighting to help the administration succeed despite Trump's behaviour and decisions.
The assertions in the column were largely in line with complaints about Trump's behavior that have repeatedly been raised by various administration officials, often speaking on condition of anonymity.
However, the plot to topple Trump was dropped, with senior officials instead deciding to "do what we can to steer the administration in the right direction until - one way or another - it's over", the author writes.
"I think the basic concern that a lot of Americans will have when they read the piece is that the president can not be trusted by his own senior officials", Lawrence Jacobs of the University of Minnesota's Humphrey School of Public Affairs told KARE.