The Maine Republican was one of only two undecided senators after a procedural vote narrowly advanced the nomination Friday morning.
Kathy Charlton, who attended Yale University with the judge, disclosed a text message conversation to NBC News between herself and an unnamed mutual friend of Kavanaugh's. Exactly one month from elections in which House and Senate control are in play, Democrats tried making sure that female voters were paying attention.
Kavanaugh's confirmation leaves the Senate traumatized with Republicans and Democrats as estranged as at any time in recent memory, reflecting the cavernous divides in the country itself during a presidency that has ignited rare political passions. She is the first Republican to break with the party, joining most Democrats in opposing Kavanaugh.
Protesters greeted senators with shouts of both opposition and support, and at one point the rallying chant "I believe survivors" echoed through a Senate office building. "It just may be, in my view, he's not the right man for the court at this time".
Conservative commentators hit back against Murkowski's vote.
Joe Manchin was the only Democrat Senator to vote in favour of Kavanaugh's confirmation.
Sen. Jeff Flake, R-Ariz., who has repeatedly battled Trump and will retire in January, said he would vote for Kavanaugh's confirmation "unless something big changes".
Some of them continued raising concerns that Mr Kavanaugh would push the court further to the right, including with possible sympathetic rulings for president Donald Trump, the man who nominated him. John Thune, R-S.D.
Senators sat at their desks during Saturday's roll call, rising when it was their turn to vote. A hitch arose Thursday when Sen.
McConnell said that defeating Kavanaugh would mean that "media bullying and mob intimidation are valid tactics for shaping the Senate".
"If people who are victims, people who feel that there is no fairness in our system of government, particularly in our courts, then you've gone down a path that is not good and right for this country", she said.
Yet Kavanaugh's pathway to confirmation seemed unfettered until Ford accused him of drunkenly sexually assaulting her in a locked bedroom at a 1982 high school gathering. Republican Sen. Susan Collins is expected to announce her vote Friday afternoon.
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On Friday morning, Sen.
"What left wing groups and their Democratic allies have done to Judge Kavanaugh is nothing short of monstrous", Republican Judiciary Committee Chairman Chuck Grassley of Iowa declared before the vote. He said Democrats' treatment of Kavanaugh has been "nothing short of monstrous".
Murkowski ultimately withdrew herself from the final tally as a gesture of goodwill toward her Republican colleague, Sen. The Supreme Court says he will be sworn in later Saturday.
"We saw a man filled with anger and aggression", Feinstein said.
It represents the culmination of a decades-long project by the conservative movement to construct a like-minded majority on the Supreme Court which has been a defining and unifying cause in successive congressional and presidential campaigns.
Kavanaugh has vehemently denied the allegations and said that his reputation and his family have been "permanently destroyed by vicious an false additional accusations". Eleven Democrats voted for Thomas, while two Republicans opposed his confirmation.