In 2018, she won the Democratic nomination for Michigan's 13th congressional district and won unopposed.
For Tlaib, Tuesday's election marks the second time she will have made history in recent years.
Fresh off her victory as the first refugee, the first Somali-American, and one of the first Muslim women elected to Congress, Democrat Ilhan Omar said Wednesday that she is going to Washington to help "serve as a check on the rhetoric of fear and division".
Omar made history in 2016 when she was elected the first Somali-American legislator in the US, for which she was featured in Firsts, TIME's multimedia project on trailblazing women have broken glass ceilings in their respective fields.
Jones lost the Democratic primary for the full term to Tlaib. She will succeed the first Muslim congressman, Keith Ellison, who vacated the seat to run in Minnesota's attorney general race. A proud Palestinian, Tlaib has also been an advocate for Palestinian rights and is an outspoken critic of Trump.
She has become "a source of pride for Palestine and the entire Arab and Muslim world", her uncle Bassam Tlaib told Reuters on Tuesday.
She attributed her success to her district's decision "to use the politics of joy, and vote with our warm hearts, even though it's a cold state". Was a candidate for District 6 representative on the Minneapolis Park and Recreation Board.
MA and CT will also send black women to Congress as firsts for their states, while Arizona and Tennessee are getting their first female senators.
Omar and Tlaib are among 100 or more Muslims who ran for office in 2018, an unprecedented surge in political engagement, reported BuzzFeed.
HuffPo joins the party, embracing the fringe anti-Israel radicals who won congressional seats last night.