The former first lady and an incumbent lawmaker known for her collection of more than 1,000 pairs of shoes was found guilty of seven counts of graft for allegedly maintaining Swiss accounts as a cabinet member during her husband's rule three decades ago. Imelda Marcos was convicted on two counts of corruption in 1993, but the Philippine Supreme Court overturned both convictions.
The arrest warrant may not be executed immediately because Marcos can appeal the ruling by the Sandiganbayan court, a prosecutor said.
"We hope our courts will see this through... and give no special treatment to Mrs. Marcos", he added.
Marcos was sentenced to imprisonment for a minimum of six years to 11 years and a month maximum.
Marcos, a member of the Philippines House of Representatives, will be given 30 days to explain her absence, according to Lenina Alisuag, from office of the clerk of courts of the Sandiganbayan Court Fifth Division, which has jurisdiction over criminal and civil cases involving graft and corrupt practices.
Imelda has registered as a candidate next May to succeed her daughter, Imee Marcos, 62, as governor of Ilocos Norte, the stronghold of the still powerful Marcos family.
Imelda returned to the Philippines in 1992 and campaigned for the presidency, but lost it. After an appeal the convictions were eventually quashed in the Supreme Court in 1998.
Imee, who swatted away queries by saying she had yet to receive "details" of the verdict, is running for the Philippines senate in 2019.
Ferdinand Marcos ruled the Philippines for two decades, placing the country under martial law in 1972, during which time thousands of opponents were jailed, killed or disappeared.
He was accused of amassing more than US$10 billion while in office and died in exile in 1989.
President Duterte enjoys close ties with the Marcos family and has called the late strongman his role model.
Marcos, 89, is the wife of former President Ferdinand Marcos and the mother of Ilocos Norte Governor Imee Marcos and former Senator and vice presidential hopeful Ferdinand "Bongbong" Marcos, Jr.
A spokesman for the Philippine president indicated on Friday that Duterte will not intervene with the court on Imelda Marcos' behalf.